# TCS NQT Previous Year Verbal Ability Interview Questions – 1

Question 1: Some part of the sentence below may contain an error. Identify the part. If there is no error, choose ‘No Error’.

The new computation algorithm combines scores with multiple measures of quantitative assessment

1. The new computation algorithm combines
2. scores with multiple measures
3. No error
4. of quantitative assessment

Question 2: Select the most appropriate option to fill in the blanks:

Children were quite sad when they did not see butterflies flitting _____ the flowers

Options

1. In
2. With
3. Among
4. Between

Question 3: Select the most appropriate option

We have found that between Vinaya and Akruti, Vinaya makes _____ errors in her work

1. Largest
2. Smallest
3. Shortest
4. Fewer

Question 4:

One part of the sentence below may contain an error. Identify the error or choose “No Error”

All the students of the class decided to head to the principal’s office to complain for the new teacher’s misconduct

1. to head to the principal’s office
2. All the students of the class decided
3. to complain for the new teacher’s misconduct
4. No error

Question 5:

Read the following passage and fill in the blanks by selecting the most appropriate option

Sailing is fun. But it takes work and muscles to keep the sailboat moving. One will have to constantly 1.________ the weather and adjust the sails to turn the boat in the required direction. It also takes a lot of 2.______to raise the mast and sails before you start enjoying the freedom of exploring new places in your sailboat.

Blank 1: A.search B. scrutinise C. check D. scan

Blank 2. A.attempt B.effort C.strive D.endeavour

1. (1)-C, (2)-D
2. (1)-B, (2)-C
3. (1)-C,(2)-B

Question 6: One part of the sentence below may contain an error. Identify the error or choose “No Error”

Mrs. Diggle wanted her children to be hardworking, sincere and punctual

1. sincere and punctual
2. Mrs. Diggle wanted her
3. No error
4. children to be hardworking,

Question 7: One part of the sentence below may contain an error. Identify the error or choose “No Error”

He had been married with a doctor for five years

Options

1. For five years
3. No Error
4. With a doctor

Answer: d ( married to a doctor)

Question 8: Select the most appropriate option to fill in the blanks:

Shreya will keep working for you _____ you are respectful towards her.

Options

1. For
2. As long
3. As long as
4. As soon as

Question 9: One part of the sentence below may contain an error. Identify the error or choose “No Error”

The children are quick to grasp, isn’t it?

1. No error
2. Isn’t it?
3. The children are
4. Quick to grasp

Question 10:  Some sentences are missing from the given text. Choose from the list (A-C) the most appropriate sentence for each gap (1-2) in the text. There is one extra sentence that you do not need to use.

Albert Einstein always had a clear view of the problems of physics. 1._________________. He had a strategy of his own and was able to visualize the main stages on the way to his goal. 2.__________________. He received the Nobel Prize in physics in 1921.

1. In 1919, Einstein and his wife, Mileva maric, were divorced
2. He also had the determination to solve them
3. Einstein regarded his major achievements as mere stepping stones for the next achievement

Options

1. (1)-B, (2)-C
2. (1)-A, (2)-B
3. (1)-C, (2)-B
4. (1)-B, (2)-A

Question 11:

For the four sentences (S1 and S4) paragraph below, sentences S1 and S4 are given. From the options P, Q, and R, choose the appropriate sentences for S2 and S3 respectively.

S1: Ginger is a commonly consumed aromatic spice which contains a bioactive compound called gingerol

S2:

S3:

S4: But some people complain of bloating and heartburn when they have consumed high doses of ginger

P: It is known to calm nausea and enhance the immune system

Q: Ginger belongs to the zingiberaceae family, which includes cardamom and turmeric

R: Gingerol has strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects

1. PQ
2. RQ
3. QR
4. RP

Question 12:

For the four sentences (S1 and S4) paragraph below, sentences S1 and S4 are given. From the options P, Q, and R, choose the appropriate sentences for S2 and S3 respectively.

S1: My mother had been overweight since she was a child and lost weight only after she got married.

S2:

S3:

S4: There were no use crying to my grandmother as she was now absolved of her responsibilities

P: She started giving me lectures on the importance of meditation and breathing exercises.

Q: My food was regulated – she decided when, what and how much.

R: Her memory of overcoming severe problems of obesity kicked in and soon my weight and health became her obsession.

1. RP
2. QR
3. PR
4. RQ

Question 13: You are going to read Civilization. Choose from the list (A-C) the most appropriate sentence for each gap (1-2) in the text. There is one extra sentence that you do not need to use.

Civilisation’s progress must be measured in proportion to man’s success in meeting the challenges of nature. 1.____________________________. It is once a threat to the sustainable evolution of man. 2.___________________________. But if the current trend continues going on unchecked, the future of life on earth will be endangered.

1. But the advancement in Science and Technology is, undoubtedly a mixed blessing
2. There has been an increase in the people’s awareness of the consequences of such progress
3. We are bringing out industrial progress to make the world a better and more comfortable place to live in

Options

1. (1)- B, (2)- A
2. (1)- A, (2)- C
3. (1)- C, (2)- A
4. (1)- A, (2)- B

Question 14:

Read the following passage and fill in the blanks by selecting the most appropriate option

Mamallapuram, also called Mahabalipuram, is about fifty-five kilometres from the city of Chennai. The East Coast Road takes you to this 1________ (missing) which is on the shore of the Bay of Bengal. This 7th century city which was once a 2._____ seaport is now famous for its rock-cut shore temples.

Blank 1. A. consequential B. mementitous C.historic D.fateful

Blank 2. A.frantic B. stuffed C.swamped D.busy

1. (1)-B,(2)-C
2. (1)-A,(2)-A
3. (1)-A,(2)-B
4. (1)-C,(2)-D

Question 15:

One part of the sentence below may contain an error. Identify the error or choose “No Error”

One of the unreturned book was found in the parking lot.

1. the unreturned book
2. No error
3. was found in the parking lot.
4. One of

Vaibhav

Question 16:

One part of the sentence below may contain an error. Identify the error or choose “No Error”

The soldiers, in an attempt of showing their loyalty towards their king,fought ruthlessly until the end of the war

1. The soldiers, in an attempt of showing
2. fought ruthlessly until the end of the war
3.  their loyalty towards their king
4. No error

Question 17:

The following sentence pair can be combined into one better sentence. CHoose the option that contains the two sentences without changing the meaning:

My mother made me join seven different sports activities. At the time, I was just nine

1. My mother made me join seven different sports activities when I was just nine
2. Because I was nine, my mother made me join seven different sports activities
3. While I was nine my mother made me join seven different sports activities
4. Though I was 9, my mother made me join seven different sports activities

Vaibhav

Question 18: Find the wrong term in the letter-cluster series given below.

DRTO, JXZU, GUWR, MAOX, JXZU

1. JXZU
2. JXUZ
3. MAOX
4. GUWR

Question 19: For the four sentences (S1 and S4) paragraph below, sentences S1 and S4 are given. From the options P, Q, and R, choose the appropriate sentences for S2 and S3 respectively.

S1: In the early years, when long trade voyages were undertaken that would take months or maybe even a year to reach the destination, coconuts were granted a special place on board.

S2:

S3:

S4: Its popularity has recently increased although they were grown in tropical regions for more than 4,500 years

P. By and large, the coconut water was drunk and pulp was eaten.

Q. The best part of the fruit was that there were no chances of it going bad

R. The voyages were rife with difficulties and hardships

Options

1. RQ
2. RP
3. QP
4. PQ

Question 20:

NOTE: After selecting your response to the sub question you must click ‘SAVE AND NEXT’ button to move to the next sub question.

The Royal Bengal tiger is one of the majestic creatures of the world. The typical male weighs about 300 kilograms and is about 8 to 10 feet tall, whereas the female weighs around 180 kilograms and is 8 to 9 feet in height. Despite its heavy body, this tiger can run at a speed of 60 kilometers per hour and also climb trees for its prey when necessary. The mangroves of Sunderbans being its habitat, the royal Bengal tiger is a great swimmer too!

The night vision of this tiger is six times that of humans and hearing is five times that of humans. Just like human fingerprints, each tiger has a unique pattern of stripes that does not match any other tiger’s. The tiger does not forget faces, its memory is stronger than most animals in the wild. Often portrayed as savage, this tiger is caring and protective towards its family. When a killing happens, the male tiger eats after the females and children have had their feast. Unlike humans, this endangered species of India loves to live in a companionless environment.

1. Why is it surprising that Royal Bengal tigers can run fast and climb trees?
1. Because they are majestic
2. Because they weigh 200-300 kilograms
3. Because they live in secluded mangroves
4. Because they are at least 8 feet tall.

Question 22: Which of the following sentences uses formal languages?

1. Liven up the atmosphere, my friend!
2. Hurray! We won the game
3. May I suggest you better option that will suit your style more
4. Stop making excuses of your behaviour

Question 23: The following sentences can be revised into one better sentence. Choose the sentence that is the best revision.

Grizzly bears are fierce animals. Polar bears are no less fierce

Options

1. Grizzly bears and polar bears are fierce animals
2. Grizzly bears are fierce animals as just as same as polar bears
3. Grizzly bears are as fierce as polar bears
4. Grizzly bears are fierce animals like polar bears.

Vaibhav

Question 24:

Choose from the list (A-C) the most appropriate sentence for each gap (1-2) in the text. There is one extra sentence that you do not need to use.

In the last few years, we have seen the prime minister meet and greet school children after delivering his independence day speech. 1______ In the very year that the pandemic has rescinded, their invitation to the Fort, children have to be heard more than ever before 2_____India is looking at the generational catastrophe.

1. This year however the interaction between the prime minister and school children could not happen
2. This year also the PM ignored all safety protocols to meet the youth
3. The year has seen their suffering ranging from climbing anxiety level to be heartbreaking academic setbacks

Options

1. (1)-B,(2)A
2. (1)-C,(2)B
3. (1)-C,(2)C
4. (1)-A,(2)C

Question 25.  You are going to read a text about transformation of self. Some sentences are missing from the text. Choose from the list (A-C) the most appropriate sentence for each gap (1-2) in the text. There is one extra sentence that you do not need to use.

Transformation is usually painful because it involves a process, a means to find an end. 1.___________________________. In pain is our true enlightenment as our crucial lessons are learnt here. 2. _______________________. For humans, evolution is painfully slow as it takes the longest to learn.

1. Attainment, on the other hand, is happiness because you gained what you wanted
2. Without process, however there is no achievement, so there is no gain without pain.
3. How long the process continues will depend on how fast we learn our lessons

Options

1. (1)-B, (2)-C
2. (1)-A, (2)-B
3. (1)-C, (2)-B
4. (1)-A, (2)-C

Question 26:

The following sentences can be revised into one better sentence. Choose the sentence that is the best revision.

Mark Twain is the author of Huckleberry Finn. Huckleberry Finn is a classic American novel.

Options

1. Mark Twain is the author of the classic American novel Huckleberry Finn.
2. Mark Twain is the author of Huckleberry Finn, which is a classical American novel.
3. Mark Twain is an author of Huckleberry Finn and it is a classic American novel.
4. Huckleberry Finn is a classic American novel. For which Mark Twain is the author

Question 27:

For the four-sentence (S1 to S4) paragraph below, sentences S1 to S4 are given. From the options P,Q and R, choose the appropriate sentences for S2 and S3 respectively.

S1. Meeting rooms are often visited by employees,clients and other visitors who exchange handshakes and use the equipment therein.

S2.

S3.

S4. This will help safeguard their hands against germs, thereby stopping the spread of illness.

P. So, a hand-sanitising station may be placed near the door at the table and the visitor should be encouraged to use it.

Q.This causes transfer of germs

R. Most hand sanitisers contain either ethyl alcohol or isopropyl alcohol.

Options

1. RP
2. PR
3. PQ
4. QP

Vaibhav

Question 28.

NOTE: After selecting your response to the sub question you must click the ‘SAVE AND NEXT’ button to move to the next sub question.

For decades, Western culture has been reluctant to assign an inherent value or a purpose to art–even as it continues to hold art in high esteem. Though we no longer seem comfortable saying so, our reverence for art must be founded on a timeless premise; that art is good for us. If we don’t believe this, then our commitment in money, time and study–makes little sense. In what way might art be good for us?The answer, I believe, is that art is a therapeutic instrument. Its value lies in its capacity to exhort, console and guide us toward better versions of ourselves and to help us live more flourishing lives individually and collectively.

Resistance to such a notion is understandable today, since ‘therapy’ has become associated with questionable, or at least unavailing methods of improving mental health. To say that art is therapeutic is not to suggest that it shares therapy’s methods but rather its underlying ambition. To help us to cope better with existence. While several predominant ways of thinking about art appear to ignore or reject the goal, their ultimate claim is therapeutic as well.

Art capacity to shock remains for some a strong source of some of its contemporary appeal. We are conscious that individually and collectively, we may grow complacent; art can be valuable when it disrupts or astonishes us. We are particularly in danger of forgetting the artificiality of certain norms. It was once taken for granted, for instance, that women should not be allowed to vote and that the study of ancient Greek should dominate the curricula of English schools. It’s easy now to see that those arrangements were far from inevitable, they were open to change and improvement.

When Sebastian Errazuirz created dollar signs out of ordinary street markings in Manhattan, his idea was to jolt passers-by into a radical reconsideration of the role of Money in daily life- to shake us out of our unthinking devotion to commerce.

Question: The title that best suits for the passage is:

Options:

1. Art: No longer Therapeutic
2. Art is Art
3. Define Art
4. What is Art for?

Question 29.

NOTE: After selecting your response to the sub question you must click the ‘SAVE AND NEXT’ button to move to the next sub question.

For decades, Western culture has been reluctant to assign an inherent value or a purpose to art–even as it continues to hold art in high esteem. Though we no longer seem comfortable saying so, our reverence for art must be founded on a timeless premise; that art is good for us. If we don’t believe this, then our commitment in money, time and study–makes little sense. In what way might art be good for us?The answer, I believe, is that art is a therapeutic instrument. Its value lies in its capacity to exhort, console and guide us toward better versions of ourselves and to help us live more flourishing lives individually and collectively.

Resistance to such a notion is understandable today, since ‘therapy’ has become associated with questionable, or at least unavailing methods of improving mental health. To say that art is therapeutic is not to suggest that it shares therapy’s methods but rather its underlying ambition. To help us to cope better with existence. While several predominant ways of thinking about art appear to ignore or reject the goal, their ultimate claim is therapeutic as well.

Art capacity to shock remains for some a strong source of some of its contemporary appeal. We are conscious that individually and collectively, we may grow complacent; art can be valuable when it disrupts or astonishes us. We are particularly in danger of forgetting the artificiality of certain norms. It was once taken for granted, for instance, that women should not be allowed to vote and that the study of ancient Greek should dominate the curricula of English schools. It’s easy now to see that those arrangements were far from inevitable, they were open to change and improvement.

When Sebastian Errazuirz created dollar signs out of ordinary street markings in Manhattan, his idea was to jolt passers-by into a radical reconsideration of the role of Money in daily life- to shake us out of our unthinking devotion to commerce.

Question:According to Author, Art is:

Options:

1. To be described as timeless
2. To be held in high esteem
3. A commercial pursuit
4. A therapeutic instrument

Question 30:

For the four-sentence (S1 to S4) paragraph below, sentences S1 to S4 are given. From the options P,Q and R, choose the appropriate sentences for S2 and S3 respectively.

S1. Using data analytics has helped companies identify trends and purchase patterns at various levels and helped customise various styles.

S2.

S3.

S4. It is correct to say that many business owners will have a lot on their minds post lockdown and till the pandemic dies down.

P. Data Analytics utilizes powerful algorithms to analyse current and past customer data to come up with solutions.

Q. They have adapted to digitalization and have customized their products in line with current trends.

R. Low cost of implementing data analytics driven software is an added advantage.

Options

1. PR
2. QP
3. QR
4. RQ

Vaibhav

Question 31:

One part of the sentence below may contain an error. Identify the part, if there is no error select No error.

As little pieces of debris and space-dust burn up in Earth’s atmosphere, it causes spectacular shooting stars.

Options

1. No error
2. As little pieces of debris and space-dust
3. burn up in Earth’s atmosphere,
4. It causes spectacular shooting stars.

No Error

Question 32. Some sentences are missing from the text. Choose from the list (A-C) the most appropriate sentence for each gap (1-2) in the text. There is one extra sentence that you do not need to use.

An eclipse takes place when a heavenly body, such as the Moon or the Earth  moves into the shadow of the other. 1._____________________________. A solar eclipse occurs when there is shadow on Earth by partially or fully blocking the sunlight. 2._________________________. The maximum number of Solar eclipses that can occur in a year is 5.

1. It is believed that local animals sleep during an eclipse
2. There are two types of eclipses on Earth, the solar eclipse and Lunar eclipse
3. Every year, at least two solar eclipses occur somewhere on earth

Options

1. (1)-C, (2)- A
2. (1)-C, (2)- B
3. (1)-B, (2)- C
4. (1)-A, (2)- C

Question 33.

NOTE: After selecting your response to the sub question you must click the ‘SAVE AND NEXT’ button to move to the next sub question.

Several Companies have announced that they plan to continue the option of Working from home after the Pandemic. The reasons being greater flexibility in balancing work and family life and higher productivity due to time saved in commute to the workplace. For employers, this is a cost-effective option as the travel expenses are low and there is less need for office space. It is also believed that a home-officer has fewer distractions, thereby making the employee more efficient.

On the contrary, it is observed that some employees may not be able to thrive in physically isolated environments as they need social interaction to keep up their motivation.

While working from home-office provides increased flexibility for the work situation, it could provide less flexibility in terms of collaborative work. There is a greater need for structure, planning and clear communication in digital mode. Meetings need to be planned in detail. The digital modality does have a few restrictions especially pertaining to communication- related aspects of working. In the digital mode, making spontaneous and necessary changes related to processes or projects proves to be quite challenging.

The subtle, yet significating, drawback of working exclusively is the inability to pick up cues from the body language of colleagues, like we would, when we are in physical space together.

Question: What are the advantages for employers in a work-from-home duration?

Options

1. Lesser wok hours of employers
2. Lesser social interaction for employees
3. Fewer meeting with employees
4. Reduced costs of travel and office space.

Question 34.

NOTE: After selecting your response to the sub question you must click the ‘SAVE AND NEXT’ button to move to the next sub question.

Several Companies have announced that they plan to continue the option of Working from home after the Pandemic. The reasons being greater flexibility in balancing work and family life and higher productivity due to time saved in commute to the workplace. For employers, this is a cost-effective option as the travel expenses are low and there is less need for office space. It is also believed that a home-officer has fewer distractions, thereby making the employee more efficient.

On the contrary, it is observed that some employees may not be able to thrive in physically isolated environments as they need social interaction to keep up their motivation.

While working from home-office provides increased flexibility for the work situation, it could provide less flexibility in terms of collaborative work. There is a greater need for structure, planning and clear communication in digital mode. Meetings need to be planned in detail. The digital modality does have a few restrictions especially pertaining to communication- related aspects of working. In the digital mode, making spontaneous and necessary changes related to processes or projects proves to be quite challenging.

The subtle, yet significating, drawback of working exclusively is the inability to pick up cues from the body language of colleagues, like we would, when we are in physical space together.

Question: What is the need for collaborative work in work-from-home situations?

Options

1. Work-Life balance and clear communication
2. Flexibility and physically isolated environment
3. Structure, planning and clear communication
4. Efficiency and physically isolated environment

Question 35.

NOTE: After selecting your response to the sub question you must click the ‘SAVE AND NEXT’ button to move to the next sub question.

Several Companies have announced that they plan to continue the option of Working from home after the Pandemic. The reasons being greater flexibility in balancing work and family life and higher productivity due to time saved in commute to the workplace. For employers, this is a cost-effective option as the travel expenses are low and there is less need for office space. It is also believed that a home officer has fewer distractions, thereby making the employee more efficient.

On the contrary, it is observed that some employees may not be able to thrive in physically isolated environments as they need social interaction to keep up their motivation.

While working from a home office provides increased flexibility for the work situation, it could provide less flexibility in terms of collaborative work. There is a greater need for structure, planning, and clear communication in digital mode. Meetings need to be planned in detail. The digital modality does have a few restrictions especially pertaining to communication-related aspects of working. In the digital mode, making spontaneous and necessary changes related to processes or projects proves to be quite challenging.

The subtle, yet significant, drawback of working exclusively is the inability to pick up cues from the body language of colleagues like we would when we are in physical space together.

What is the main idea the author wishes to convey through the passage?

1. Working from home is an advantage and a disadvantage to employees
2. Working from home is an advantage to both employers and employees
3. Working from is a disadvantage to both employers and employees
4. Working from home is an advantage and a disadvantage to both employers and employees

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Question 36.

The following sentences can be revised into one better sentence. Choose the sentence that is the best revision.

Aniruddh has been playing the tabla throughout the day. This explains the pain in his fingers.

Options:

1. The pain in his fingers explains that he has been playing the tabla throughout the day.
2. Aniruddh has been playing the tabla throughout the day so he can’t explain the pain in his fingers.
3. Aniruddh was playing the tabla all day long so he can get pain in his fingers.
4. Aniruddh has been playing the tabla all day long which explains the pain in his fingers.

We have copied this pdf from prepinsta

Question 37.

NOTE: After selecting your response to the sub question you must click the ‘SAVE AND NEXT’ button to move to the next sub question.

Mental health can affect daily living, relationships, and physical health. Factors in people’s lives, interpersonal connections, and biological factors can all contribute to mental health disruptions. Looking after mental health can preserve a person’s ability to enjoy life. Doing this involves reaching a balance between life activities, responsibilities, and efforts to achieve psychological resilience. Conditions such as stress, depression, and anxiety can all affect mental health and disrupt a person’s routine. Although mental health is in everyday use, many conditions that doctors recognise as psychological disorders have physical roots.

Mental health is about not only avoiding active conditions but also looking after ongoing wellness and happiness. Preserving and restoring mental health is crucial on an individual basis, as well as throughout different communities and societies the world over. In the United States, the National Alliance on Mental Illness estimates that almost 1 in 5 adults experience mental health problems each year.

According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), in 2017, an estimated 11.2 million adults in the U.S., or about 4.5% of adults, had a severe psychological condition. Everyone has some risk of developing a mental health disorder, no matter their age, sex, income, or ethnicity. In the U.S. and much of the developed world, mental disorders are one of the leading causes of disability. Social and financial circumstances, biological factors, and lifestyle choices can all shape a person’s mental health. A large proportion of people with a mental health disorder have more than one condition at a time. It is important to note that good mental health depends on a delicate balance of factors and that several elements of life and the world at large can work together to contribute to disorders.

Question: What is understood by “mental health disruptions”from the above paragraph?

1. Extreme illness of the mind and body
2. of the brain
3. Abnormal functioning of the mind
4. Lack of coordination between the brain and the other parts of the body

Question 38:

NOTE: After selecting your response to the sub-question you must click the ‘SAVE AND NEXT’ button to move to the next sub-question.

Mental health can affect daily living, relationships, and physical health. Factors in people’s lives, interpersonal connections, and biological factors can all contribute to mental health disruptions. Looking after mental health can preserve a person’s ability to enjoy life. Doing this involves reaching a balance between life activities, responsibilities, and efforts to achieve psychological resilience. Conditions such as stress, depression, and anxiety can all affect mental health and disrupt a person’s routine. Although mental health is in everyday use, many conditions that doctors recognize as psychological disorders have physical roots.

Mental health is about not only avoiding active conditions but also looking after ongoing wellness and happiness. Preserving and restoring mental health is crucial on an individual basis, as well as throughout different communities and societies the world over. In the United States, the National Alliance on Mental Illness estimates that almost 1 in 5 adults experience mental health problems each year.

According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), in 2017, an estimated 11.2 million adults in the U.S., or about 4.5% of adults, had a severe psychological condition. Everyone has some risk of developing a mental health disorder, no matter their age, sex, income, or ethnicity. In the U.S. and much of the developed world, mental disorders are one of the leading causes of disability. Social and financial circumstances, biological factors, and lifestyle choices can all shape a person’s mental health. A large proportion of people with a mental health disorder have more than one condition at a time. It is important to note that good mental health depends on a delicate balance of factors and that several elements of life and the world at large can work together to contribute to disorders.

According to the paragraph, which of the statements is NOT true?

1. Mental health is about not only avoiding active conditions but also looking after ongoing wellness and happiness
2. Social and financial circumstances, biological factors, and lifestyle choices cannot shape a person’s mental health
3. Preserving and restoring mental health is crucial on an individual basis, as well as throughout different communities and societies the world over
4. Mental health involves reaching a balance between life activities, responsibilities, and efforts to achieve psychological resilience.

Question 39:

For the four-sentence (S1 to S4) paragraph below, sentences S1 to S4 are given. From the options P,Q and R, choose the appropriate sentences for S2 and S3 respectively.

S1. Using data analytics has helped companies identify trends and purchase patterns at various levels and helped customise various styles.

S2.

S3.

S4. It is correct to say that many business owners will have a lot on their minds post lockdown and till the pandemic dies down.

P. Data Analytics utilizes powerful algorithms to analyse current and past customer data to come up with solutions.

Q. They have adapted to digitalization and have customized their products in line with current trends.

R. Low cost of implementing data analytics driven software is an added advantage.

Options

1. PR
2. QP
3. QR
4. RQ

Question 40. Some sentences are missing from the text. Choose from the list (A-C) the most appropriate sentence for each gap (1-2) in the text. There is one extra sentence that you do not need to use.

An eclipse takes place when a heavenly body, such as the Moon or the Earth  moves into the shadow of the other. 1._____________________________. A solar eclipse occurs when there is shadow on Earth by partially or fully blocking the sunlight. 2._________________________. The maximum number of Solar eclipses that can occur in a year is 5.

1. It is believed that local animals sleep during an eclipse
2. There are two types of eclipses on Earth, the solar eclipse and Lunar eclipse
3. Every year, at least two solar eclipses occur somewhere on earth

Options

1. (1)-C, (2)- A
2. (1)-C, (2)- B
3. (1)-B, (2)- C
4. (1)-A, (2)- C

Question 41.

NOTE: After selecting your response to the sub-question you must click the ‘SAVE AND NEXT’ button to move to the next sub-question.

Several companies have announced that they plan to continue the option of working from home after the Pandemic. The reasons being greater flexibility in balancing work and family life and higher productivity due to time saved in commute to the workplace. For employers, this is a cost-effective option as the travel expenses are low and there is less need for office space. It is also believed that a home officer has fewer distractions, thereby making the employee more efficient.

On the contrary, it is observed that some employees may not be able to thrive in physically isolated environments as they need social interaction to keep up their motivation.

While working from home office provides increased flexibility for the work situation, it could provide less flexibility in terms of collaborative work. There is a greater need for structure, planning, and clear communication in digital mode. Meetings need to be planned in detail. The digital modality does have a few restrictions especially pertaining to communication-related aspects of working. In the digital mode, making spontaneous and necessary changes related to processes or projects proves to be quite challenging.

The subtle, yet significant, drawback of working exclusively is the inability to pick up cues from the body language of colleagues like we would when we are in physical space together.

Question: What are the advantages for employers in a work-from-home duration?

Options

1. Lesser wok hours of employers
2. Lesser social interaction for employees
3. Fewer meeting with employees
4. Reduced costs of travel and office space.

Question 42.

NOTE: After selecting your response to the sub-question you must click the ‘SAVE AND NEXT’ button to move to the next sub-question.

Several companies have announced that they plan to continue the option of working from home after the Pandemic. The reasons being greater flexibility in balancing work and family life and higher productivity due to time saved in commute to the workplace. For employers, this is a cost-effective option as the travel expenses are low and there is less need for office space. It is also believed that a home officer has fewer distractions, thereby making the employee more efficient.

On the contrary, it is observed that some employees may not be able to thrive in physically isolated environments as they need social interaction to keep up their motivation.

While working from home-office provides increased flexibility for the work situation, it could provide less flexibility in terms of collaborative work. There is a greater need for structure, planning and clear communication in digital mode. Meetings need to be planned in detail. The digital modality does have a few restrictions especially pertaining to communication- related aspects of working. In the digital mode, making spontaneous and necessary changes related to processes or projects proves to be quite challenging.

The subtle, yet significating, drawback of working exclusively is the inability to pick up cues from the body language of colleagues, like we would, when we are in physical space together.

Question: What is the need for collaborative work in work-from-home situations?

Options

1. Work-Life balance and clear communication
2. Flexibility and physically isolated environment
3. Structure, planning and clear communication
4. Efficiency and physically isolated environment

Question 43.

NOTE: After selecting your response to the sub question you must click the ‘SAVE AND NEXT’ button to move to the next sub-question.

Several companies have announced that they plan to continue the option of Working from home after the Pandemic. The reasons being greater flexibility in balancing work and family life and higher productivity due to time saved in commute to the workplace. For employers, this is a cost-effective option as the travel expenses are low and there is less need for office space. It is also believed that a home-officer has fewer distractions, thereby making the employee more efficient.

On the contrary, it is observed that some employees may not be able to thrive in physically isolated environments as they need social interaction to keep up their motivation.

While working from home-office provides increased flexibility for the work situation, it could provide less flexibility in terms of collaborative work. There is a greater need for structure, planning and clear communication in digital mode. Meetings need to be planned in detail. The digital modality does have a few restrictions especially pertaining to communication- related aspects of working. In the digital mode, making spontaneous and necessary changes related to processes or projects proves to be quite challenging.

The subtle, yet significating, drawback of working exclusively is the inability to pick up cues from the body language of colleagues, like we would, when we are in physical space together.

What is the main idea the author wishes to convey through the passage?

1. Working from home is an advantage and a disadvantage to employees
2. Working from home is an advantage to both employers and employees
3. Working from is a disadvantage to both employers and employees
4. Working from home is an advantage and a disadvantage to both employers and employees

Question 44.

The following sentences can be revised into one better sentence. Choose the sentence that is the best revision.

Aniruddh has been playing the tabla throughout the day. This explains the pain in his fingers.

Options:

1. The pain in his fingers explains that he has been playing the tabla throughout the day.
2. Aniruddh has been playing the tabla throughout the day so he can’t explain the pain in his fingers.
3. Aniruddh was playing the tabla all day long so he can get pain in his fingers.
4. Aniruddh has been playing the tabla all day long which explains the pain in his fingers.

Question 45:

NOTE: After selecting your response to the sub question you must click the ‘SAVE AND NEXT’ button to move to the next sub question.

Mental health can affect daily living, relationships, and physical health. Factors in people’s lives, interpersonal connections, and biological factors can all contribute to mental health disruptions. Looking after mental health can preserve a person’s ability to enjoy life. Doing this involves reaching a balance between life activities, responsibilities, and efforts to achieve psychological resilience. Conditions such as stress, depression, and anxiety can all affect mental health and disrupt a person’s routine. Although mental health is in everyday use, many conditions that doctors recognise as psychological disorders have physical roots.

Mental health is about not only avoiding active conditions but also looking after ongoing wellness and happiness. Preserving and restoring mental health is crucial on an individual basis, as well as throughout different communities and societies the world over. In the United States, the National Alliance on Mental Illness estimates that almost 1 in 5 adults experience mental health problems each year.

According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), in 2017, an estimated 11.2 million adults in the U.S., or about 4.5% of adults, had a severe psychological condition. Everyone has some risk of developing a mental health disorder, no matter their age, sex, income, or ethnicity. In the U.S. and much of the developed world, mental disorders are one of the leading causes of disability. Social and financial circumstances, biological factors, and lifestyle choices can all shape a person’s mental health. A large proportion of people with a mental health disorder have more than one condition at a time. It is important to note that good mental health depends on a delicate balance of factors and that several elements of life and the world at large can work together to contribute to disorders.

What do you mean by the sentence, ‘Mental health is about not only avoiding active conditions but also looking after ongoing wellness and happiness’?

1. Mental health care is about treatment of active mental disruptions as well as general mental well-being
2. Mental health care is about looking after ongoing wellness and happiness on a day-to-day basis
3. Mental health care is not about taking care of mental disruptions but bodily diseases
4. Mental health care is about avoiding active mental disruptions only